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《外国语言文学》(双月刊)2018年第2期论文目录及中英文摘要

·语言研究·

语言是言语社区的设施

——关于“语言识别”和“语言认同”的讨论……….........................................……..徐大明(115

评价理论的语言哲学维度……………………………………...................................................谢  萌(129

弹幕言语不礼貌研究…………………………………………....................................................李冰芸(145

汉日动词带处所宾语的语义关系………………………........................................……........吕达珊(162

·文学研究·

同情表象下的批判实质

——《罗莎蓓儿惊梦记》的隐性叙事进程………….........................................…………吴东京(170

空间批评视域下的唐人街叙事与华人移民身份构建研究........................................…兰秀娟(181

·翻译研究·

法律翻译学科建设:理念与思考……………………........................................……….......赵军峰(192

口译实验教学的原理与实践………………………….........................................……........…詹  成(203

·书刊评介·

《翻译与社交媒体》述评……………………….........................................……..................孟雨 苏文瑾(211

《英语中的礼貌与阶级》评介…………….........................................………....................陈钧 (218

会议通知

1st International Conference on Internet PragmaticsSept. 21-23, 2018)….........……(223

   

语言是言语社区的设施——关于“语言识别”和“语言认同”的讨论

徐大明

澳门大学人文学院

  

摘要:当前有关“语言识别”的争议可以追溯到对“语言是什么”的不同理解。将语言仅仅作为沟通工具的语言识别理论导致“过度识别”的结果。将语言作为认同工具的语言识别理论未能区分语言认同与民族认同,也常常将语言规划与语言识别相混淆。根据言语社区理论,认同和沟通的共构形成社区的语言;而语言和民族的共构则属于落后于时代的语言规划观。语言识别理论有必要吸取言语社区的研究成果,从动态和发展的视角来识别语言,从而使语言学更好地服务社会。

关键词:语言识别;语言是什么;语言规划;语言认同;言语社区

DOI:10.19716/j.1672-4720.2018.02.01xu

  

Language as facilities of a speech community:

Discussions on language identification and ethnic languages

  

XU DamingUniversity of Macau

  

Abstract: The recent disputes on language identification are traced to divergent understandings of what language is. The understanding that language is no more than a tool of communication promotes the method of mutual intelligibility. The more traditional approach is based on the notion of “ethnolinguistic identity”. In contrast, the theory of speech community defines a language as a tool of communication and identification of a speech community. Under such theoretical perspective, the motivation of language identification is from the speech community. The theory questions the theory and practice of language identification which are based on pre-conceived co-identification of language and ethnicity. It also points out the confusion of language identification with language planning.

Keywords: language identification; what language is; language planning; ethnolinguistic identity; speech community facilities

评价理论的语言哲学维度

谢萌

黑龙江大学应用外语学院

  

摘要:综观人文科学对评价问题的研究可以发现,评价理论呈体系化发展趋势。文章区分评价理论的不同研究维度并考察哲学和语言学两个维度的相关研究,尝试在语言主体性框架中初步提出评价理论的语言哲学维度。研究发现,评价是说话人的存在方式,它意味着说话人对自身及其世界做出解释;说话人的意向性、社会性和世界的多样性分别构成评价的起点、标尺和归宿;评价意义的形成与判定依赖具体情境中说话人的理解和解释。

关键词:评价理论;语言哲学;语言主体性;说话人;解释

DOI:10.19716/j.1672-4720.2018.02.02xie

Appraisal theory: The dimension of philosophy of language

XIE Meng  Heilongjiang University

  

Abstract: The paper inspects appraisal theory studies in both philosophical value theory and systemic functional linguistics, proposes and constructs philosophy of language dimension of appraisal theory in the subjectivity of language study frame. The research suggests that appraisal is the speaker’s way of being, which also means speaker’s interpretations towards themselves and the world. Speaker’s intentionality, speaker’s sociality and the world’s diversity are respectively the starting point, standard and fundamental aim of appraisal activity. The formation and judgment of appraisal meaning depends on understanding and interpretation between speakers in a concrete situation.  

Keywords: appraisal theory; philosophy of language; subjectivity of language; speaker; interpretation

  

弹幕言语不礼貌研究

李冰芸

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摘要:弹幕作为网络互动交流的新形式,不仅为观众提供参与节目的途径,也满足其情感表达的需求,提升观看过程的交互性和趣味性。目前弹幕研究尚处起步阶段,多为对弹幕语言总体特征的描述。本研究采用主位与客位相结合的视角,以网红互动直播和“吐槽大会”为例,重点分析弹幕中不礼貌言语行为的构成及其语用功能。研究发现:1)Leech(2014)对不礼貌策略的界定更适用于弹幕言语不礼貌现象;2)除义务准则外,言语不礼貌的实现基本可以通过宏观不礼貌策略予以解释;3)相比之下,嵌入型弹幕不礼貌言语行为较少得到回应。不礼貌策略的使用主要有彰显个性、表达情感以及建构共同体等功能,是青少年寻求存在感、归属感,争夺话语权的体现。因此,不能忽视青少年使用者精神层面的需求。

关键词:弹幕;网络互动;宏观不礼貌策略;语用功能

DOI:10.19716/j.1672-4720.2018.02.03li

  

Verbal impoliteness in Danmaku

  

LI Bingyun Fujian Normal University

  

Abstract:As a new and critical form of interaction, Danmakunot only provides means for the audience to take part in the program, but also serves as an outlet for the expression of feelings, thus improving the interactivity and delightfulness of online watching. Given that current research concerned mainly deals with the overall characteristics of language use, this paper is devoted to the formation and pragmatic functions of impolite speech acts in Danmaku from both emic and etic perspectives. Taking online interactive live shows and “Roast” as examples, this study finds that the categorization of impoliteness defined by Leech (2014) seems to be more applicable to verbal impoliteness of Danmaku, that by and large, the General Strategy of Impoliteness is able to account for the realization of verbal impoliteness, except for the maxim of obligation, and that verbal impoliteness embedded in Danmaku is comparatively less responded. As for the pragmatic functions, through the use of verbal impoliteness in Danmaku, participants seek to highlight personality and construct a community of common interests, displaying a sense of being, belonging and presence and a desire for voicing of opinions. It is concluded that the spiritual needs of participants and adolescents in particular should not be neglected.

Keywords: Danmaku; online interaction; General Strategy of Impoliteness; pragmatic function

  

汉日动词带处所宾语的语义关系

吕达珊

泉州师范学院外国语学院

  

摘要:汉语动词和宾语之间的语义关系多种多样,其中以“吃食堂”为代表的处所义宾语一直是研究的重点。而日语由于黏着语的特性带有格标记,其动词和宾语的语义关系一般仅为受事。然而一些日语动词所带的处所名词虽然用宾格助词「を」来提示,却表现出了非受事的语义,而和汉语的“吃食堂”一样表现出了处所义。本文以“吃食堂”和「厨房を手伝う」为例,从语义分析的角度探讨了汉日动词及其所共现的处所名词的语义关系。

关键词:动词;处所宾语;非受事

DOI:10.19716/j.1672-4720.2018.02.04lü

  

Semantic relations between verbs and objects in Chinese and Japanese

  

L? Dashan Quanzhou Normal University

  

Abstract:There exist many relations between Chinese verb and object, among which “吃食堂”as a typical case of locative object attracts a lot of attention. The common relation between Japanese verb and object is patient-object. However some Japanese verbs have locative nouns as non-patient objects, marked by「を」, which works semantically the same as the Chinese “吃食堂”. This paper explores the semantic relation between verb and object in Chinese and Japanese, with “吃食堂”and 「厨房を手伝う」as examples.

Keywords: verb; locative object; non-patient

  

同情表象下的批判实质——《罗莎蓓儿惊梦记》的隐性叙事进程

吴东京

贵州民族大学外国语学院

  

摘要:关于凯瑟琳·曼斯菲尔德的短篇小说《罗莎蓓儿惊梦记》,评论者多认为小说表现了在男权社会中,年轻女性受到压制的悲惨境况。但细读文本发现,该短篇小说存在双重叙事运动:在显性情节发展的背后存在贯穿全文的隐性叙事进程。显性情节里,在女帽店工作的年轻女孩罗莎蓓儿浪漫爱美,纯洁善良,在男权社会中苦苦挣扎,生活贫困。隐性进程里,却存在一股贯穿全文的反讽性叙事暗流,批判女主人公爱慕虚荣、不切实际、好逸恶劳。叙述者同情的表象下暗讽罗莎蓓儿的困境是怕吃苦、好幻想、虚荣浮华,不思进取所致。这一双重叙事运动相互颠覆、相互补充,增强了审美感受,表现了丰富的主题。

关键词:凯瑟琳·曼斯菲尔德;《罗莎蓓儿惊梦记》;隐性进程

DOI:10.19716/j.1672-4720.2018.02.05wu

Criticismbehind sympathy: the covert narrative progression in

Katherine Mansfield’s The Tiredness of Rosabel

  

WU Dongjing  Guizhou Minzu University

  

Abstract: A broad critical consensus aboutKatherine Mansfield’s short novel, The Tiredness of Rosabel, is that it tells the dream-crush tale of Rosabel, the young and fanciful heroine, who longs for a beautiful life, only to be curbed cruelly in the male chauvinist society. A scrutiny of the novel, however, reveals a dual narrative movement—a covert narrative progression behind the overt plot. In the overt plot, Rosabel, a young girl who works in a Millinery Shop, is romantic, pure, kind, and keen on the beautiful. Unfortunately, she has to struggle in poverty amidst the shackles of a patriarchal society. In the covert progression, an ironic narrative undercurrent betrays the heroine as vainglorious, unrealistic and ease-loving. Seemingly the narrator is sympathetic with Rosabel, yet actually she satirizes her predicament incurred by her paradoxical personality. The two narrative movements, forming a tension of contradiction and contrast, enhance, subvert, and supplement each other, contributing thereby to the aesthetical complexity and thematic richness of the novel.

Keywords: Katherine Mansfield; The Tiredness of Rosabel; Covert Progressio


空间批评视域下的唐人街叙事华人移民身份构建研究

兰秀娟

广东外语外贸大学南国商学院

  

摘要:作为流散文学的分支,华裔美国文学研究也始终绕不开身份、族裔与主体性的主题,而作为一种文化符号的唐人街在美国社区形成一个独特的空间,它承载着每一代华裔移民的成长记忆,也见证着华裔移民的身份构建。本文以空间批评理论为基。游镏士占、精神空间、“第三空间”入手,选取《望岩》、《唐老亚》、《唐人街》三部典型的以唐人街为背景的文学作品,探讨华裔美国文学中的华人移民身份在唐人街叙事下“形成——分裂——重建”的过程。

关键词:空间批评;华裔美国文学;唐人街;身份构建

DOI:10.19716/j.1672-4720.2018.02.06lan

Research on Chinatown narrative and the construction of Chinese American identity: From the perspective of spatial criticism


LAN XiujuanGuangdong University of Foreign Studies

  

Abstract: As a branch of world diaspora literature, Chinese American literature finds it inevitable to cover identity, ethnicity and subjectivity in narration as well. The cultural symbol, Chinatown, has formed a unique space in American community. Meanwhile, Chinatown reflects the memories of generations of Chinese immigrants and witnesses the transition of their identities. Based on spatial criticism, this research will focus on the analysis of three literary works, Steer Toward Rock, Donald Duk, and Chinatown, which set Chinatown as background. Through analyzing “material space”, “psychological space” and “third space” in the three literary works, this research will study the changing process of “formation-division-reconstruction” of Chinese immigrants’ identities under Chinatown narrative.

Keywords: spatial criticism; Chinese American literature; Chinatown; construction of cultural identity

  

  

法律翻译学科建设:理念与思考

赵军峰

广东外语外贸大学高级翻译学院

  

摘要:本文从法律翻译的跨学科特性出发,分析法律翻译的内涵、历史、文本类型、语言规范、翻译原则,探索“适格”译者的基本素养之构成,提出法律翻译作为一门独立学科和专业进行建设的理念和原则。法律翻译需要“立格”,旨在“传意”。法律翻译学科的建立,在新形势下对于实现整个翻译学科的科学化和立体化具有重要意义。

关键词:法律翻译;学科建设;人才培养;课程设置

DOI:10.19716/j.1672-4720.2018.02.07zhao

On the disciplinary construction of legal translation in MTI education:

Notions and pedagogical implications


ZHAO JunfengGuangdong University of Foreign Studies

  

Abstract: This paper endeavors to probe into the philosophies and notions regarding the construction of legal translation as an independent discipline in MTI education. Takinginto consideration the relationships between law and language, historical developments, text-types, linguistic norms, principles, attributes as well as the existing problems in legal translator education in China, the author advocates the combination of “legal” and “communication” in legal translation practice and education, and stresses the significance of integrated construction of legal translation as an independent academic discipline in the context of globalization and national initiatives in the modern era.  

Keywords: legal translation; disciplinary construction; students training; course configuration

  

口译实验教学的原理与实践

詹成

中山大学外国语学院

  

摘要:口译教学在我国取得了长足的发展。口译能力的特点和口译教学的规律决定了实验手段和方法可以在口译教学中发挥显著的作用。本文从口译能力构成入手,讨论口译实验教学的原理,并从口译实验教学内容和操作两方面,提出口译实验教学的实践应用手段。

关键词:口译;实验教学;口译能力;原理;实践

DOI:10.19716/j.1672-4720.2018.02.08zhan

  

Experimental teaching of interpreting: Principles and practice

  

ZHAN Cheng  Sun Yat-sen University

  

Abstract: Significant development has been made in interpretation teaching in China. The nature of interpreting competence and features of interpretation teaching make it possible for ways and methods of experiments to play a conspicuous role in interpretation teaching. Starting from an analysis of the components of interpreting competence, this paper discusses the principles of experiment teaching for interpretation, and proposes some practical methods of experiment teaching for interpretation in terms of its contents and operation.

Keywords: interpretation; experiment teaching; interpreting competence; principles; practice

  

《翻译与社交媒体》述评

孟雨 苏文瑾

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Renée Desjardins. 2017. Translation and Social Media: In Theory, in Training and in Professional Practice. London: Palgrave Macmillan. xiii+145 pp.

DOI:10.19716/j.1672-4720.2018.02.09meng

  

  

《英语中的礼貌与阶级》评介

陈劼钧 应竑颖

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Sara Mills. 2017. English Politeness and Class. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. x+148 pp.

DOI:10.19716/j.1672-4720.2018.02.10chen

  


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